A Presentation on Integrated Farming System In India
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What is Sustainable Agriculture ?
Sustainable Agriculture involves farming systems that are environmentally sound, profitable, productive, and compatible with socio-economic conditions
Sustainable Agriculture: Goal
The major goals of this approach are thus to develop economically viable agro-ecosystems and to enhance the quality of the environment, so that farmlands will remain productive indefinitely.
To conserve natural resource base
To protect the environment
To enhance prosperity for a longer period of time
Sustaining house-hold food security of the farmers
Advantages of Sustainable Agriculture:
Contributes to environmental conservation.
When sustainable farming is carried the waste so produced remains inside the farming ecosystem. Thus it cannot in any way cause pollution or build-up in the external environment.
Reduction in cost:
Sustainable agriculture minimizes the use and cost of purchasing fossil fuel and reduces the transportation costs. This helps in reducing the overall cost involved I the process of farming.
Seasonal nature of income & employment & out-migration:
Cropping activities in rain fed areas areas are restricted to four months in rainy season. Employment opportunities are scarce in other seasons. This leads to large-scale migration of male farmers to cities in search of work. Round the year employment opportunities should be there to check out-migration from rural areas.
Deterioration of resource base:
The ultimate goal of sustainable agriculture is to conserve of human population over a longer period. This can be achieved by seeking the optimal use of internal production inputs in a way that provide acceptable levels of sustainable crop productivity & livestock production resulting in economically profitable return.
Components of IFS(Integrated farming system):
Water source (pond, ditch,well)
Fence (low cost live fencing)
Agri-horti system/multi storied cropping
Olericulture: Olericulture is the science of vegetable growing, dealing with the culture of non-woody (herbaceous )plants for food. Olericulture deals with the production, storage, processing and marketing of vegetables. It encompasses crop establishment, including cultivar selection, seedbed preparation and establishment of vegetable crops by seed and transplants.
Animals & shed