BSE vs NSE
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Established in 1875, BSE Ltd. (formerly known as Bombay Stock Exchange Ltd.), is Asia’s first Stock Exchange and one of India’s leading exchange groups. Over the past 137 years, BSE has facilitated the growth of the Indian corporate sector by providing it an efficient capital-raising platform. Popularly known as BSE, the bourse was established as “"The Native Share & Stock Brokers' Association" in 1875.
BSE is a corporatized and demutualised entity, with a broad shareholder-base which includes two leading global exchanges, Deutsche Bourse and Singapore Exchange as strategic partners. BSE provides an efficient and transparent market for trading in equity, debt instruments, derivatives, mutual funds. It also has a platform for trading in equities of small-and-medium enterprises (SME). Around 5000 companies are listed on BSE making it world's No. 1 exchange in terms of listed members. The companies listed on BSE Ltd command a total market capitalization of USD Trillion 1.06 as of May 15, 2012. BSE Ltd is world's fifth most active exchange in terms of number of transactions handled through its electronic trading system. It is also one of the world’s leading exchanges (5th largest in May 2012) for Index options trading (Source: World Federation of Exchanges).
BSE also provides a host of other services to capital market participants including risk management, clearing, settlement, market data services and education. It has a global reach with customers around the world and a nation-wide presence. BSE systems and processes are designed to safeguard market integrity, drive the growth of the Indian capital market and stimulate innovation and competition across all market segments. BSE is the first exchange in India and second in the world to obtain an ISO 9001:2000 certification. It is also the first Exchange in the country and second in the world to receive Information Security Management System Standard BS 7799-2-2002 certification for its On-Line trading System (BOLT).
It operates one of the most respected capital market educational institutes in the country (the BSE Institute Ltd.). BSE also provides depository services through its Central Depository Services Ltd. (CDSL) arm.
BSE’s popular equity index - the SENSEX - is India's most widely tracked stock market benchmark index. It is traded internationally on the EUREX as well as leading exchanges of the BRCS nations (Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa).
"Emerge as the premier Indian stock exchange with best-in-class global practice in technology, products innovation and customer service."
BSE Ltd, the first ever stock exchange in Asia established in 1875 and the first in the country to be granted permanent recognition under the Securities Contract Regulation Act, 1956, has had an interesting rise to prominence over the past 137 years.
While BSE Ltd is now synonymous with Dalal Street, it was not always so. The first venue of the earliest stock broker meetings in the 1850s was in rather natural environs - under banyan trees - in front of the Town Hall, where Horniman Circle is now situated. A decade later, the brokers moved their venue to another set of foliage, this time under banyan trees at the junction of Meadows Street and what is now called Mahatma Gandhi Road. As the number of brokers increased, they had to shift from place to place, but they always overflowed to the streets. At last, in 1874, the brokers found a permanent place, and one that they could, quite literally, call their own. The new place was, aptly, called Dalal Street (Brokers' Street).
The journey of BSE Ltd. is as eventful and interesting as the history of India's securities market. In fact, as India's biggest bourse in terms of listed companies and market capitalisation, almost every leading corporate in India has sourced BSE Ltd. services in raising capital and is listed with BSE Ltd.
Even in terms of an orderly growth, much before the actual legislations were enacted, BSE Ltd. had formulated a comprehensive set of Rules and Regulations for the securities market. It had also laid down best practices which were adopted subsequently by 23 stock exchanges which were set up after India gained its independence.
BSE Ltd., as a institutional brand, has been and is synonymous with the capital market in India. Its SENSEX is the benchmark equity index that reflects the health of the Indian economy.
Bombay Stock Exchange has now adopted only its initials as the new name (BSE), positioning itself better position as a national multi-asset financial infrastructure institution. BSE’s strategic shift in approach, attitude and business focus is reflected in its new tag line - Experience the New.
With renewed zeal and focus on new business opportunities, product and service innovation, upgrades in technology, increased investor and member focus, BSE is always pushing the envelope on all fronts. The ambition is to continually improve and adopt new and better ways of conducting our business.
As the first stock exchange in Asia and the pioneer of securities transaction business, BSE prides itself on being at the forefront of bringing innovations to the Indian capital markets while creating diverse investment opportunities for the investor community in India throughout its long history.
BSE continues to undertake several initiatives to build on its strong brand, legacy and market position to create value for its stakeholders and the financial system.
Corporate sales responsibility:
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in BSE is aligned with its tradition of creating wealth in the community with a three pronged focus on Education, Health and the Environment. Besides funding charitable causes for the elderly and the physically challenged, BSE has been supporting the rehabilitation and restoration efforts in earthquake-hit communities of Gujarat. BSE has been awarded the Golden Peacock Global - CSR Award for its initiatives in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) by the World Council of Corporate Governance.
Awards & Recognization:
As a pioneering financial institution in the Indian capital market, BSE has won several awards and recognitions that acknowledge the work done and progress made.
• The Golden Peacock Global CSR Award for its initiatives in Corporate Social Responsibility
• BSE has won NASSCOM - CNBC-TV18’s IT User Awards, 2010 in Financial Services category
• BSE has won Skoch Virtual Corporation 2010 Award in the BSE StAR MF category
• Responsibility Award (CSR), by the World Council of Corporate Governance
• Annual Reports and Accounts of BSE have been awarded the ICAI awards for excellence in financial reporting for four consecutive years from 2006 onwards
• Human Resource Management at BSE has won the Asia - Pacific HRM awards for its efforts in employer branding through talent management at work, health management at work and excellence in HR through technology
Bombay Stock Exchange, commonly referred to as the BSE, (Bombay Śhare Bāzaār) is a stock exchange located on Dalal Street, Mumbai,Maharashtra, India. It is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. The equity market capitalization of the companies listed on the BSE was US$1 trillionas of December 2011, making it the 6th largest stock exchange in Asia and the 14th largest in the world. The BSE has the largest number of listed companies in the world.
As of March 2012, there are over 5,133 listed Indian companies and over 8,196 scrips on the stock exchange, the Bombay Stock Exchange has a significant trading volume. The BSE SENSEX, also called "BSE 30", is a widely used market index in India and Asia. Though many other exchanges exist, BSE and the National Stock Exchange of India account for the majority of the equity trading in India. While both have similar total market capitalization (about USD 1.6 trillion), share volume in NSE is typically two times that of BSE.
The National Stock Exchange (NSE) (Hindi: राष्ट्रीय शेयर बाज़ार Rashtriya Śhare Bāzaār) is stock exchange located at Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It is in the top 20 largest stock exchanges in the world by market capitalization and largest in India by daily turnover and number of trades, for both equities and derivative trading. NSE has a market capitalization of around US$1 trillion and over 1,652 listings as of July 2012. Though a number of other exchanges exist, NSE and the Bombay Stock Exchange are the two most significant stock exchanges in India, and between them are responsible for the vast majority of share transactions. The NSE's key index is the S&P CNX Nifty, known as the NSE NIFTY (National Stock Exchange Fifty), an index of fifty major stocks weighted by market capitalisation.
NSE is mutually owned by a set of leading financial institutions, banks, insurance companies and other financial intermediaries in India but its ownership and management operate as separate entities. There are at least 2 foreign investors NYSE Euronext and Goldman Sachs who have taken a stake in the NSE. As of 2006, the NSE VSAT terminals, 2799 in total, cover more than 1500 cities across India. In 2011, NSE was the third largest stock exchange in the world in terms of the number of contracts (1221 million) traded in equity derivatives. It is the second fastest growing stock exchange in the world with a recorded growth of 16.6%.
The National Stock Exchange of India was set up by Government of India on the recommendation of Pherwani Committee in 1991.Promoted by leading Financial institutions essentially led by IDBI at the behest of the Government of India, it was incorporated in November 1992 as a tax-paying company. In April 1993, it was recognized as a stock exchange under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956. NSE commenced operations in the Wholesale Debt Market (WDM) segment in June 1994. The Capital market (Equities) segment of the NSE commenced operations in November 1994, while operations in the Derivatives segment commenced in June 2000.
NSE also conducts online examination and awards certification, under its programmes of NSE's Certification in Financial Markets (NCFM). Currently, certifications are available in 32 modules, covering different sectors of financial and capital markets, both at beginner and advanced levels. the list of the various modules can be found at the following official site of NSE India. Branches of the NSE are located throughout India. NSE, in collaboration with reputed colleges and institutes in India, has been offering a short-term course called NSE Certified Capital Market Professional (NCCMP) since August 2009, in the campuses of the respective colleges/ institutes.