ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
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Electronics is integrated with communications in several sectors. The most common example of this is the telephone. Telecommu-nication technology has developed at a very rapid pace like radio waves, microwaves, wireless technology, and many more. Internet is the best and most example of this sector we see in day today life.
Electronics & Communications Enginee-ring is one of the largest and fastest growing fields of engineering. It covers a wide range of applications which make our life easier and enjoyable such as television, radio, computers, telecommunication. They help us to see, hear and communicate over vast distances and do things faster.
Electronics has a major role in improving productivity in industries like oil, energy, agriculture and so many other important sectors of economy. It is electronic devices that direct, control and test production processes in steel, petroleum and chemical industries. Healthcare industry depends on electronic instruments to perform chemical tests and to check body functions. Elec-tronics play a pivotal role for safety in transportation, factories & mines and homes.
An electronics engineer must find new solutions to the practical problems affecting our daily lives. An electronics engineer will work in tandem with other specialists to design, fabricate, produce, test and supervise the manufacture of complex products and systems such as electronic equipment and components for a variety of industries including hospitals, computer industry, electronic data processing systems for communication and defense etc.
They supervise production and manufacturing processes and oversee installation and maintenance. Electronics engineers work with devices that use extremely small quantity of power. They work with microprocessors, fibre optics, and in telecommunication, television, radio etc.
Electronics engineering is a constantly changing and widening branch of the engineering profession. Electronics industry being a labour intensive industry provides many job opportunities for skilled job seekers.
Increased production and demand by government and enterprizes for communication equipment, computers and military electronics along with consumer demand and increased research and development on robots and other types of automation contributes to the growth of employment opportunities in the field. Candidates having a creative and inventive mind and also are good at physics and mathematics will probably find electronics engineering a challenging and lucrative career.
As an Electronic Engineer, entry for junior posts in the Government departments is by direct recruitment through advertisements in newspapers. Selection to Gazetted posts is through the competitive examinations conducted by Union and State Public Service Commission. UPSC conducts an Engine-ering Service Examination (Telecommu-nication and Electronics Engineering group) annually for vacancies in Central Engineering Services and various State Public Service commissions conduct their own competitive Exams for vacancies in State engineering services.
In the Defence Services, young engineers start as Second Lieutenants. For selection into the Defence Services- Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, applications are invited through National dailies and Employment News.
Similarly vacancies in the private and public sector are advertised through leading daily newspapers of the country and the Employment News. Mostly the candidates are interviewed after thorough scrutiny of their basic inputs and the selections are made on merit. Central Electronics Ltd., Indian Railways, Atomic Energy Commission, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Ministry of Civil Aviation, Directorate General Posts and Telegraphs Departments etc are some of the prospective employers in the field.