Engineering Material And Their Properties
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What is Materials Science
Composition means the chemical make-up of a material
Structure means a description of the arrangements of atoms or ions in a material.
Synthesis is the process by which materials are made from naturally occurring or other chemicals.
Processing means different ways for shaping materials into useful components or changing their properties.
Functional Classification of Materials
Energy Technology and Environmental Technology
Photonic or Optical Materials
Classification of Materials-Based on Structure
Crystalline material is a material comprised of one or many crystals. In each crystal, atoms or ions show a long-range periodic arrangement.
Single crystal is a crystalline material that is made of only one cyst
al (there are no grain boundaries).
Grains are the crystals in a polycrystalline material.
Polycrystalline material is a material comprised of many crystals (as opposed to a single-crystal material that has only one crystal).
Grain boundaries are regions between grains of a polycrystalline material.