In the early 1980s, it was beyond the dreams of ordinary men to own a locally made car that could match the imported ones. The restrictive and claustrophobic atmosphere of politics made it virtually impossible to produce anything or set up a factory without the painfully slow process of permits, inquisitions and denials from an army of bureaucrats who had no knowledge of dominance but had all the controls to enable or kill initiatives Corporations. In that period, Maruti Udyog Limited was born, thanks to the influence of the late Sanjay Gandhi, son of the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who facilitated the passage through the labyrinth of raj permission. Thus, in 1983, India had produced its first alternative to the omnipresent Ambassador of Hindustan Motors owned by Birlas and Premier aka Fiat owned by Doshis.
The main objective of this case study is to give the business the social and historical perspective of the reasons behind the series of incidents that took place at the Maruti Udyog Limited Manesar plant in 2012 leading to the murder of a top executive RH and extensive damage to property. In that, the lead for the reader is,
• Know the occurrences in the plant Maruti Udyog Limited Manesar that took place in December 2011 and in July-September 2012
• Understand the background of labor relations in Maruti Udyog since its inception.
• Take note of the business relationships and changes that took place in the management of Maruti Udyog Limited.
• Understand the social environment of the Manesar area, its people,
• their aspirations and the triggers of criminal acts that took place in 2012.
• Understand the Japanese philosophy of labor relations and management and in that context how the local people identified with their employer.
• Evaluate the possible causes of the criminal acts that took place in 2012 in Maruti Udyog taking into account all the factors mentioned above
A Brief History of Industrial Relations in Maruti
Udyog Limited Founded in 1983, Maruti Udyog Limited had few problems in its labor relations. Locally hired labor accepted Japanese labor culture and modern manufacturing processes. In 1997, with the property changed, Maruti came under government control. From there, the conflicts between the Government of the United Front and Suzuki began. Labor problems began under the leadership of the Indian government. In 2000, a major IR problem began and Maruti Udyog's employees went on strike indefinitely, demanding major revisions of their salaries, incentives and pensions. Employees resorted to "deceleration" in October 2000, to force a review of their salary and benefits. After the elections were held and a new central government headed by the NDA alliance took command, in accordance with the divestment policy, the new administration proposed to sell part of its stake in Maruti Suzuki in a public offering through a prospect Of red herring. The workers opposed this public offering plan claiming that the company would lose a significant commercial advantage of being subsidized by the Government and that the workers are better protected under the control of the Government.
Manesar Violence July 2012
On July 18, 2012, the Maruti Manesar plant was hit by violence as workers at one of its automobile factories attacked supervisors, engineers and other administrative staff and burned and killed a senior HR executive. The crowd also injured nine policemen. The company's general manager of Human Resources had his arms and legs broken by his attackers, unable to leave the burning building and charred. The incident is the worst of all times for Suzuki since the company began operations in India in 1983 and one of the most atrocious industrial crimes in the history of India
Manesar's demographic history, Haryana as a source of work
Haryana is one of the richest states in India and has the third highest per capita income in the country in Rs. 67,891 including the highest number of rural crorepatis in India. Haryana is also one of the economically developed regions in South Asia and its agricultural and manufacturing industry has experienced steady growth since 1970. Haryana as a state, is India's largest manufacturer of passenger cars, two-wheeled , And tractors. Since 2000, the state has emerged as the largest recipient of investment per capita in India. The city of Gurgaon has rapidly emerged as an important center for information technology and automotive industries. Gurgaon is home to Maruti Udyog and Hero MotoCorp Limited, the world's largest manufacturer of two-wheeled vehicles. Yamuna Nagar, Panipat, Panchkula and Faridabad are also industrial centers, the Panipat Refinery being the second largest refinery in South Asia. There are also steel, plywood, paper and textile industries established in the state for a long time.
The people of Manesar and its environs: The Social Fabric
The dominant castes of Ahirs and Jats have become a minority in this area due to the entry of people from other parts of the country and even other countries like Nepal, Bangladesh and the Middle East returnees. By nature, both Ahirs and Jats are socially active, commonly sensitive, and highly chaste conscious. It is common to see sibling rivalries, murder of children by parents, parents by children, siblings, neighbors, etc., mainly due to property disputes. A highly contentious sub-caste structure, violence against elopements, and uneasiness against inter-caste parties and marriages and village rivalry are also common. Village sarpanchs, home political leaders often control the opinions of the people and can influence the outcome of labor union elections and dominance in specific hierarchy of factory work. There is a systematic push among the people to subjugate women, to prevent connections between men and women of different castes.