Organizational Behavior Group Assignment
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Importance of Organizational Behavior
Organizations are all around us. We are born in an organization, we live, work and most probably will die in an organization. Yet most of us do not understand how people function, behave and interact between each other within these organizations. We also do not understand if people shape an organization or an organization shapes people.
In the beginning, people create an organization and shape its mission and culture and later more people join the organization. This new group of people adjust themselves within the existing organizational culture. Sometimes they also influence organizational culture by bringing new and unique skills to the organization. Sometimes they learn from each and at other times, external forces like competition, political and cultural changes compel them to learn new technical, communication or interpersonal skills. All these internal and external factors help an organization and its people to evolve to cope with the ever-changing world.
Until recently, managers paid little attention to Organizational Behavior or soft skill training. The industrial revolution created the need for hard (technical) skills. People worked in the production line and were not required to think or interact to each other. However, things have changed; instead of standing behind the production lines, they now sit in front of a computer and control a robot who works in the production line. Now, people need more technical skills, but they also need skills to communicate and work within a group.
The great English poet Samuel Butler put it together more eloquently, "Any fool can paint a picture, but it takes a wise man to be able to sell it." If the "fool" is the metaphor for hard skill then the "wise man" would be the soft skill; but the soft skill of the wise man is useless without the hard skill of the fool; the harmonizing of both skills sells the picture. Therefore, the study of Organizational Behavior is not considered pop psychobabble anymore. A comparison between old and new organizations makes the picture clear.
A manager's job is to manage people, who constitute the "organization". If he can't understand these people (i.e. their behavior), how can he manage them?
Well here comes the importance of studying and understanding organisational behaviour, it is defined as " a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization's effectiveness."Humans are the most important asset of an organisation. It is impossible to find an organization without any manpower.
So, as long as organizations are consisted of individuals, it is very important to know and learn about these fundamental elements of the firms. And that is the reason the concept of organizational behavior is a major field of study these days. Each person has an inherent need to understand and predict the world because much of each individual's time is spent working in or around organization, Organisation Behaviour theories are particularly helpful in satisfying this innate drive to make sense of the workplace and help in creating an internal environment wherby an individuals work together in groups to accomplish their group goals efficiently.
Behavior is generally predictable, so there is no need to formally study OB.” Why is that statement wrong?
Answer – Such a casual or commonsense approach to reading others can often lead to erroneous predictions. OB improves managers’ predictive ability by replacing intuitive opinions with a more systematic approach. Behavior generally is predictable if we know how the person perceived the situation and what is important to him or her. While people’s behavior may not appear to be rational to an outsider, there is reason to believe it usually is intended to be rational and it is seen as rational by them. There are certain fundamental consistencies underlying the behavior of all individuals that can be identified and then modified to reflect individual differences. These fundamental consistencies allow predictability. When we use the phrase systematic study, we mean looking at relationships, attempting to attribute causes and effects, and basing our conclusions on scientific evidence—that is, on data gathered under controlled conditions and measured and interpreted in a reasonably rigorous manner.
Although Organization Behavior (OB) can be learnt by experience, it takes long time to investigate and understand human's behavior within organizations. Studying OB's theories can be quickly coping with individual physiology and group behavior.
It is a field of study that investigates the impact of individuals, groups, and structure on human behavior within organizations for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organization's effectiveness and efficiency.
It studies three determinants of behavior in organizations: individuals, groups, and structure. In addition, OB applies the knowledge about individuals, groups and the effect of the organization structure on human behavior in order to make the organization work more effectively and systematically.
Integrating past-days and contemporary theories, managers are easy to forecast outcome and determine variables, and to predict subordinates' behavior whether he/ she is dissatisfy to the job. It is important to lead employees to accomplish to the "Mission and Vision" in an organization or company, and to achieve company's goal and success.
To sum up our definition, OB is concerned with the study of what people do in an organization and how that behavior affects the performance of the organization.
There is increasing agreement as to the components or topics that constitute the subject area of OB. Although there is still considerable debate as to the relative importance of each, there appears to be general agreement that OB includes the core topics of motivation, leader behavior and power, interpersonal communication, group structure and processes, learning & attitude.